What happens when you file a
How do you file a police report?
Go to the nearest police station. In some cases you can just call them and leave all the information over the phone. In other cases you need to come down to the police station, and sometimes the police can come to your home and make the report.
The police are always obliged to take your statement, even if you do it over the phone.
A tip! You ONLY need to leave your personal information, and a brief statement on what it concerns. Don’t go in to detail. Instead, ask to have an investigator contact you. That way you´ll get to talk to someone whit a much better knowledge about domestic abuse.
Based on your report, the police or the prosecutor decides if they should start an investigation or not.
The police and the prosecutor can in most cases give you all the legal help you need. This means that the police and the prosecutor will inform you about:
The possibilities of getting a settlement or a compensation for criminal injury.
The prosecutor usually has to prepare and ask for a criminal injury compensation at the trial, if you ask for it
They will inform you about the rules about restraining orders, counselling and support.
The possibilities of legal, and other, counseling
What authorities and organizations that you can get help at
If the investigation is cancelled or not
If there will be a prosecution or not
If you want the prosecutor´s help to claim for damages, tell that to the police or the prosecutor who leads the investigation.
What happens after a police report?
When a crime has been reported, the police and the prosecutor decides if they will start an investigation or not.
The police has to tell you if they don’t decide to start an investigation, or if the investigation is cancelled. They also have to inform you if they decide to press charges or not. You may have the right to claim for damages, the prosecutor can help you with this.
What is an investigation?
An investigation about a crime is called förundersökning. During the investigation the police interrogates the suspect. If there are witnesses, they will come in for questioning as well. Since the police doesn’t have the recourses to investigate all crimes at once, it might take a while before the investigation starts. But if you ask the police, they can tell you when they think your investigation will start.
Interview with you
When you´ve been the victim of a crime, you are called målsägande. During the investigation, the police and the prosecutor will have an interview with you, called målsägandeförhör. During this you can tell them about what you know about the crime, sometimes it´s enough to talk to them over the phone.
You have the right to bring someone along as a support for the interview. If you´ve spent money or lost income to be at the interview, it might be possible to get a compensation from the police.
How to claim for legal damages
If you´ve been the victim of a crime, you might have the right to claim for legal damages (skadestånd) for the injuries you might have gotten during the crime. If you want legal damages from the perpetrator, you mention this to the police during the investigation. The prosecutor can help you with what amount you can ask for. If you´ve claimed for legal damages, and there´s a trial, the prosecutor will take this up at the trial.
The police will close an investigation if they can’t find a suspect, or if an offense can’t be proven. This doesn’t mean that the police doesn’t believe in you, it just means that there´s too little evidence to continue the investigation. You´ll be notified about this from the police. If you don’t agree with this, you can turn to the prosecutor. He or she can then reconsider the decision.
If you then don’t agree with the decision the prosecutor makes, you can turn to the nearest higher prosecutor, for a higher reconsideration. This means that a higher prosecutor will go through the case again.
Decision on prosecution
When the investigation is done, the prosecutor evaluates if there is enough evidence for a prosecution, which means that there will be a trial. At the court, it´s decided if the accused is guilty, and what kind of sentence he or she will get. This is also when it gets decided if you will get legal damages.